Constitution of iran 1979 pdf file download

This study examines the consequences of modernity and modernisation for kurdishiranian society in the twentieth century. Exporting the revolution in irans constitution and the. Now the constitution of the islamic republic, as the announcement of the. Preamble to the 1979 iranian constitution hanover college. February 1, 1979, and, on february 11, 1979, he declared an islamic republic of iran. The supplement motammem to the constitution qanune asasi, lit. The 1979 constitution dates 24 oct 1979 and is in force since 3 dec 1979. Iran inhibiting the development of a useful public debate in iran. Constitutional revolution iran oxford islamic studies online. Mahmoud taleghani meet with some members of interim government of iran in a party after iftar august 1979. The iranian revolution, past, present and future iran chamber.

The constitution, having regard to the islamic contents of the iranian revolution, which was a movement for the victory of all the oppressed over the arrogant, provides a basis for the continuation of that revolution both inside and outside the country. Although the provisions of the constitu tion have often been ignored, every politician invokes it and no one, until ayatollah khomeini has sought to abolish it. History of iran ayatollah khomeini ayatollah rouhollah. Ciardp80t00942a0006000700020 25x1 approved for release 20020509 the iranian constitution the demands ollranian political and religious opposi tion leaders that the shah return. The personality of irans ayatollah khomeini was a critical elem ent in defining irans war role. We have sent our apostles with veritable signs and brought down with them scriptures and the scales of justice, so that men might conduct themselves with fairness. Constitution of the islamic republic of iran wikipedia. Following the success of the revolution, the islamists instituted a theocratic dictatorship and wiped out the workers movement and the left. The constitution of the islamic republic of iran advances the cultural, social, political, and economic institutions of iranian society based on islamic principles and norms, which represent an honest aspiration of the islamic ummah. In the islamic republic of iran, during the absence ghayba of his holiness, the lord of the age, may god all mighty. Constitution of the islamic republic encyclopaedia. Iran imperial proclamation declaring unlawful act of. Ap comparative government iran study guide 50 terms.

It shares borders with afghanistan, armenia, azerbaijan, iraq, pakistan, turkey, and turkmenistan. The safavid dynasty ruled iran until 1722, when an afghan army invaded the country and captured isfahan. A comparative overview of the iranian constitutions of. The constitution of the islamic republic of iran advances the cultural, social. The constitution of the islamic republic of iran persian.

Constitutional revolution iran iranian revolution, 1905 11, caused by dissatisfaction with economic stagnation, influence of western power, and results of the russojapanese war of 1904 05 and the russian revolution of 1905. He was promptly executed after sentencing by an islamic tr. The iranian revolution past, present and future brought the safavids into direct conflict with the ottoman empire and led to two centuries of intermittent warfare between those two powerful states. This republican constitution replaced the 1906 constitution, which, with its provisions for a shah to reign as head of state, was the earliest constitution in the middle east. Iran simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Constitution of the islamic republic of iran download. The constitution of islamic republic of iran in the name of god, the compassionate, the merciful. The hostage crisis consolidated khomeinis power within iran, unifying competing political and religious groups against the perceived threat of. A history of modern iran in a radical reappraisal of irans modern history, ervand abrahamian traces its traumatic journey across the twentieth century, through the discoveryofoil,imperialinterventions,theruleofthepahlavis,and,in 1979, revolution and the birth of the islamic republic. Library of congress federal research division country profile. This controversial religion is known among the iranian muslim. The constitution of 1906 and the islamic republic constitution of 1979 both recognized all the minority religions except bahaism which has had approximately 80,000 adherents, although the exact figure of its followers is not known.

The iranian political elite, state and society relations, and foreign. Official documents, correspondence, and texts, as well as textbooks, must be in this language. Exporting the revolution in irans constitution and the mahdi. A chador clad militia woman, armed with an uzzi sub machine gun, controls a demo against iraq. Iran islamic republic ofs constitution of 1979 with amendments. In the iranian revolution of 1979, ayatollah sayyid ruhollah musavi khomeini ousted mohammad reza pahlavi, who succeeded his father as shah of iran in the early 1950s. The government is based upon the constitution that was approved in a national referendum in december 1979. Iranian revolution the iranian revolution is considered the 3rd greatest revolution in history. This would eventually lead to the establishment of the islamic republic of iran in april 1979 and the creation of. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Iran islamic republic ofs constitution of 1979 with.

The constitution of the islamic republic of iran contains provisions which should protect freedom thought, religion or belief article 23 in particular forbids the investigation of individuals beliefs, stating that no one may be molested or taken to task simply for holding a. The iranian revolution of 1979 has been described as one of the epochal events of the twentieth. In revolutionary iran, michael axworthy guides us through recent iranian history from shortly before the 1979 islamic revolution through the summer of 2009, when iranians poured into the streets of tehran by the hundreds of thousands, demanding free, democratic government. Since then, a number of amendments have been made therein. The constitution of the islamic republic of iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3. The iranian revolution a history and analysis of the revolution in which socialists aligned themselves with islamists to overthrow the westbacked shah. The islamic republic of iran is confronted with an unprecedented legitimacy crisis. Constitution of the islamic republic encyclopaedia iranica. Constitution of the islamic republic of iran adopted. Iran, may 2008 3 in november 1979, students affiliated with the latter group occupied the u. He helped overthrow the much hated regime of the shah. The constitution of islamic republic of iran iran chamber.

Download citation a comparative overview of the iranian constitutions of 190607 and 1979 the history and the essential and important articles of the constitutional laws of iran and its. Reza shah, the elder pahlavi, came to power during the 1920s after promoting the idea of 2,500 years of persian monarchy mohammadi 38. The constitution of the islamic republic of iran is a declaration of the social, cultural, political, and economic foundations of the iranian society based on islamic principles and norms that re. A constitutional referendum was held in iran on 2 and 3 december 1979. Preamble to the 1979 iranian constitution original electronic texts at the international constitutional law web site. The fundamentals of irans islamic revolution institute for global.

The background iran has the oldest constitution in asia. Click download or read online button to get constitution of the islamic republic of iran book now. Pdf foreign policy of iran after islamic revolution researchgate. December 1979 iranian constitutional referendum wikipedia. It shares borders with afghanistan, armenia, azerbaijan, iraq, pakistan, turkey, and turkmenistan tehran is the capital and biggest city.

Iran s constitution of 1979 differed from the constitution of 1909 because it 1979 put more emphasis on. It identifies a dual process of socioeconomic transformation and. The revolution overthrew a secular, authoritarian leader, the shah, who the leaders of the revolution asserted had suppressed islam and its clergy. The struggle for the constitution against royal despotism is a chapter in iranian history that is now seen in almost mythic terms. The constitution of the islamic republic of iran, setting forth as it does the political, social, cultural, and economic institutions and their relations that are to exist in society, must now provide for the consolidation of the foundations of islamic government, and propose the plan of a new system of government to be erected on the ruins of. The islamic revolution was founded on the principle of improving the lot of the poor.

The constitution of the islamic republic of iran contains provisions which should protect freedom thought, religion or belief article 23 in particular forbids the investigation of individuals beliefs, stating that no one may be molested or taken to task simply for holding a certain belief. Now the constitution of the islamic republic, as the announcement of the structure and political, social, cultural and economic relationships within society, must guide the way towards the consolidation of the foundations of islamic government, and produce the design for a new order of government in substitution for the old idolatrous order. Axworthy explains how that outpouring of support for an end to tyranny in iran paused and then moved on to other areas in. Proclamation declaring unlawful act of australian government, its servants, agents, officers, ministers, politicians and their barbarous acts which are an outraged to the conscience of. Irans foreign and defense policies congressional research service 2 ideology the ideology of irans 1979 islamic revolution infuses irans foreign policy.

The constitution of the islamic republic of iran was adopted by referendum on 2 and 3 december 1979, and went into force replacing the constitution of 1906. Khomeinis background, charisma, and thirst for revenge on those who inflicted personal injury. The corpse of exprime minister amir abbas hoveyda lies at the morgue. Panislamist credentials are also championed in the constitution. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Iranians turn away from the islamic republic journal of. Organization wipo unofficial english translations of several laws can be downloaded. May 16, 2017 exporting the revolution in irans constitution and the mahdis return track persia may 16, 2017 apocalypticism within the twelver sect of shiism is the most important component of the the shiite apocalyptic tradition because it is fundamentally associated with the notion of the twelfth, or hidden, imamsomething that is absent. Constitution of the islamic republic of iran financial disclosure.

According to legal bill of council of revolution that constitution has placed to vote through. Persepolis graphic novel video death in tehran watch the first 10 min. Constitution of the islamic republic of iran 1979, adopted on 24 october 1979, 28 july 1989. The national assembly of pakistan passed the constitution on 10th april, 1973, the president of the assembly authenticated it on 12th april, 1973 and the assembly published the constitution of the islamic republic of pakistan. Although principles underlined in constitution of iran have been followed by islamic republic of iran. The constitution has been called a hybrid of theocratic and democratic elements. Many academics and political experts agree that the old guard and corrupt. The constitution of the islamic republic of iran sets forth the cultural, social, political, and. Iran islamic republic ofs constitution of 1979 with amendments through 1989.

Reza shah, the elder pahlavi, came to power during the 1920s after promoting the idea of. This article, highlighting the heterodox character of irans theocratic ideology, stresses the tectonic social and cultural changes that have resulted in societys estrangement from the state over the past forty years in a reaction against this ideology. Iran is the eighteenth largest country in the world. Exporting the revolution in irans constitution and the mahdis return track persia may 16, 2017 apocalypticism within the twelver sect of shiism is the most important component of the the shiite apocalyptic tradition because it is fundamentally associated with the notion of the twelfth, or hidden, imamsomething that is absent. The constitution of 1979 was created by a directly elected 73man assembly of clerics called the. These topic pages provide a quick overview and easy access to all content that can be found on ace for any give topic of interest weather encyclopaedia files, electoral materials, comparative data, consolidated replies, case studies, or other. A copy of the iranian constitution may be obtained from the iran analytic center, telephone confidential rp 791 january 1979 approved for release 20020509. Powered by create your own unique website with customizable templates. Khomeinis concept of velayatefaqih rule by a supreme islamic jurisprudent, or supreme leader was enshrined in the constitution that was adopted in a public referendum in december 1979 and amended in 1989. Iran officially the islamic republic of iran persian. Significant amendments were adopted on 28 july 1989. Constitutional revolution iran oxford islamic studies.

480 297 773 555 1290 1035 492 154 1500 829 648 124 322 866 1292 976 740 982 341 1194 1201 576 1144 368 588 1058 809 522 856 600 1441 296 710 1110 425 898